One of the most serious areas of violent crime is homicide – killing a person, whether lawfully or unlawfully. Justifiable homicide and excusable homicide are lawful homicides, while criminal homicide, negligent homicide, reckless homicide and vehicular homicide are unlawful homicides. Unlawful homicide comprises the two crimes of murder and manslaughter. Homicide penalties vary based on the charge and amount of violence.

1st Degree Murder A.R.S. § 13-1105

  • Death Penalty, Life in Prison or Natural Life

2nd Degree Murder A.R.S. § 13-1104

  • Prison: Minimum 10 years; Presumptive 16 years; Aggravated Maximum 25 years

Manslaughter (Reckless Homicide or Heat of Passion) A.R.S. § 13-1103

  • Prison: Minimum 10 years;  Presumptive 16 years;  Aggravated Maximum 25 years
  • Minimum 25 years prison with violent historical prior conviction

Negligent Homicide, A.R.S. § 13-1102

  • Prison: Minimum 1 year;  Presumptive 2.5 years;  Aggravated Maximum 3.75 years